Foot anatomy: Pictures, models, and common conditions of the foot

Foot anatomy: Pictures, models, and common conditions of the foot

The foot's structure is complicated because it must provide strength, stability, and balance while supporting a variety of movements and bearing and dispersing the body's weight.

It will also look at some of the most common foot conditions and treatment options.

The bones in the foot account for nearly a quarter of all bones in the body, and they aid in the foot's weight bearing ability.

Experts frequently divide the bones of the foot into three categories, though they do so in slightly different ways.

The talus and the calcaneus, which is the largest bone in the foot, are the proximal tarsal bones.

The talus is located on top of the foot and forms a joint with the lower leg's tibia and fibula.

From the big toe to the outer edge of the foot, experts rank them from 1 to 5.

Finally, each foot's 14 phalanges, or toe bones, are present.

The foot's 29 muscles allow movement while maintaining normal gait, shape, and posture.

There are 19 intrinsic muscles in the foot, which are muscles that are entirely contained and act within the foot.

To connect with the leg, the ten extrinsic muscles of the foot cross the ankle joint.

Ligaments connect bones to other bones at joints, and the foot has over 30 of them.

The Achilles tendon, which is the largest tendon in the body, is a major tendon in the foot.

The plantar fascia is the longest foot ligament, running beneath the foot and connecting the heel to the toes to form the arch.

Because the foot is such a complex structure, it can be affected by a variety of conditions.

The foot is a complex structure with numerous components.

Read the original article "Foot anatomy: Illustrations, models, and common foot problems" at https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/foot-anatomy

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