Diabetic footing is one of the most common issues in the world.
India has now become the diabetes capital, informed NH MMI Narayana Super Specialty Hospital Senior Consultant, General and Laparoscopic Surgeon Dr Rajesh Sinha.
Dr Sinha reported that 463 million people worldwide have diabetes in 2020 and 77 million people in India are affected by diabetes according to IDF.
Diabetic foot is one of the diabetes' most debilitating and horrifying complication.
Dr Sinha further informed that the long-term complication of the diabetes is diabetic foot.
If an ulcer, an infection, or gangrene develops in a diabetic patient's feet then it is called diabetic foot.
There are three factors that cause a diabetic foot to develop.
1) Neuropathic diabetes, 2) diabetic vasculopathy and 3) infection.
In a diabetic patient of very long duration, the sensation of the feet is lost, also the blood supply of the feet is compromised and the chances of infection are high due to high blood sugars.
Diabetic foot symptoms may include loss of feeling, numbness or tingling sensation, blisters or other, wounds with or without pain, discoloration of skin, redness, wounds with or without discharge from pus, fever, chills, etc.
If not treated at the time, this can lead to some very serious complications such as infections of the skin and bone, abscess, gangrene, sepsis, foot deformity, charcot foot and sometimes it may lead to foot amputation.
Patient who has diabetes to avoid diabetic foot should be very watchful of their feet.
They should take steps to avoid diabetic footing.
Check the feet every day, wash the feet every day, wear the supporting shoes and socks, promote blood flow through exercises and walking to their feet.
Carefully trim the nails, protect the feet from extreme temperature, get regular feet checkups, control blood sugar, avoid smoking.
If changes in the skin color of the feet are visible, swelling of the foot or ankle, changes in the feet temperature, persistent feet sores, pain or tingling of the feet or ankles, growing toenails, fungal feet infections, dry and cracked skin, and signs of infection, a doctor should be consulted.
Read the original article "Dr Rajesh Sinha throws light on the foot of diabetics" at https://www.thehitavada.com/Encyc/2020/10/7/Dr-Rajesh-Sinha-throws-light-on-diabetic-foot.html